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ISSN : 2456-8643

Title:
UTILIZATION OF MEDICINAL PLANTS IN MALARIA TREATMENT AMONG RURAL DWELLERS IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA

Authors:
Oke, O.O., Banmeke, T.O.A., Adeoye, A.S. and Ajayi, O.B. ,Nigeria

Abstract:
This study investigated the utilization of medicinal plants in the treatment of malaria among rural dwellers in Oyo State. A well structured questionnaire with interview schedule was used to obtain primary data from 240 rural dwellers selected through multi stage sampling procedure. Data were obtained on common medicinal plants used in malaria treatment, parts and forms of its use, and factors influencing its use. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and Analysis of Variance. Findings revealed that a total of 38 species of medicinal plants were used by rural dwellers in malaria treatment, out of which Azadirachta indica, Chromolaena odorata, Mangifera indica, Carica papaya and Cymbopogon citrate the most were commonly used. Results revealed that medicinal plant parts frequently used by the respondents were leaves of Chromolaena odorata (95.4%), Cymbopogon citrates (94.2%), Henna plant (94.2%), Phyllantus amarus (87.5%), Momordica charantia (86.7%), and Azadirachta indica (84.6%). Also, 91.0% of the respondents indicated that extract from the leaves of the plants were consumed in liquid form after boiling. Furthermore, efficacy of herbal medicine (87.1%), indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants (82.1%), and availability of medicinal plants (65.8%) were the major factors that informed the use of these plants for malaria treatment. Majority (88.3%) of the rural dwellers consumed medicinal plants more than twice daily for malaria treatment. Result of ANOVA showed a significant difference (p<0.05) in parts of medicinal plants (F = 12.435) and forms of medicinal plants (F = 16.345) used by respondents in the study area. The study concluded that the commonly used medicinal plants for malaria treatment in the study area were Azadirachta indica, Chromolaena odorata, Henna plant, Gossypium barbadense and Cymbopogoncitrates. It was recommended that concerted efforts be made in developing malaria drugs locally from these identified plants

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