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ISSN : 2456-8643

Title:
USE OF AGROINDUSTRIAL WASTE AS SUBSTRATES FOR THE CULTIVATION OF EDIBLE MUSHROOMS IN THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

Authors:
Hector Rafael Peralta, MSc. Agripina Ramirez, Ph, D. Maximo Mejia, MSc. Alejandra Omarini, Ph, D. Ing. Carmen Maria De Jesus and Lic. Aina Ramirez ,Mexico

Abstract:
In the Dominican Republic there is a great development of agrarian and agro-industrial activity, generating quantities of chemical waste that give rise to an environmental problem. Edible mushroom cultivation has enormous potential to solve this problem. This potential is both in the production of edible mushrooms with optimal nutritional properties, and in obtaining bioactive products, helping to increase the country's economy and environmental decontamination. Four strains of edible fungi and four substrates with their combinations were used in this investigation. According to the statistical analyzes of the Cane Bagasse and Coconut Cacha?a substrates, they obtained the highest colonization percentages (79.33 and 76.25%). With the PFL-216 strain, the highest sprout yield was obtained (10.12), while in the substrates used; G + BC obtained the highest number of sprouts (11.42). The highest yield of fungi (88.43 g) was obtained with sugarcane Bagasse, in the same way in the strain x substrate interaction the highest yield was obtained with the strain PSA-224 and the sugarcane Bagasse with 126.78 g. The strain PFL-216 and PSA-224 were adapted to the controlled environmental conditions of the research with a higher biological efficiency than the other treatments (47.23 and 42.22 g). The substrates generated from the agro-industry are considered as a good option to be used in the cultivation of edible fungi, especially the combinations between them due to the greater production of affected carpophores, as well as the biological efficiency

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