The study on socio-economic condition of Fishermen of the Chalan beel under Gurudaspur Thana of Natore District in Bangladesh represents the actual Fishers' community of Bangladesh. The socio-economic position of the fishing communities were presented on the basis of age group, family size, educational status, main and subsidiary occupation, fishing trends, daily income patterns, housing patterns, use of electricity, fuel use, credit supply, health, nutrition, sanitation etc. The study was conducted in Gurudaspur Thana under Natore District of Bangladesh from June 2013 to July 2014. Fifty fishermen from 50 families were interviewed. Results revealed that 94% respondents were married and age varied between 30 and 45 years. It was found that 20-30 age groups were the major manpower of the community. All most all the fishermen were Muslim (70%). Most of the people of the community were illiterate (60%) and among all of the school going children 58% were boys and 42% were girls. Above fifty percent people lived in nuclear family. Only 20% fishers lived in brick-wall and tin roofed house 92% fishermen were connected with electricity line. 74% families use semi-pacca latrine surrounded by nylon bag and 12% families use open latrine. 80% fishermen visit the doctors for their treatment. Annual household income of maximum beneficiaries (44%) was below BDT 30,000 and above BDT 50,000 found in only 4% cases. Most of the fishermen do not know the fishing law, although the law mostly made for the fishermen. In the present study, educational, organizational, and technical credit support were very crucial to develop their better socio-economic conditions.