Title: EXPLAINING FACTORS DRIVING THE DEMAND FOR LAND USE RIGHTS, RISK OF EXPROPRIATION AND LAND CONFLICTS IN AFRICA: INSIGHTS FROM RURAL AND URBAN MOZAMBIQUE
Authors: Raul Pitoro
Abstract: A cross-sectional data from3,992 and 5,216 parcels in rural and urban areas respectively are used to estimate the determinants of demand for land use rights, risk of expropriation and land related conflicts. The study concluded that: the demand for land use rights or land registrations is context specific. While in the urban areas the demand for land use rights increases with the length of possession, the number of perceived rights, and formal modes of land acquisition, in the rural context, the number of perceived rights decreases both the demand for land use rights and the value landholders are willing to pay for them; the risk of expropriation increase with good amenities of the parcels and it is gender driven, and the risk of future land related conflicts decreases with length of possession, limited number of use and transfer rights and other than market-based modes of land acquisition. The perceived land use and transfer rights not only highlight the advantage of transferability of rights but also the importance of family ties and relationships on land tenure, suggesting that a significant part of tenure insecurity over land can be resolved through internal family decisions.